In the framework of the Lost Millennials project – led by HETFA Research Institute – experts of HETFA have analysed the Hungarian policy context addressing 25+ NEETs (youth not in employment, education or training). The project is funded by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA and Norway Grants Fund for Youth Employment.
During the analysis, we examined the different legislations and regulations in effect in Hungary that can potentially affect the situation of (25+) NEETs. The most relevant fields potentially affecting this specific group are youth policy, employment policy, education policy (especially vocational adult training and higher education) and family policy.
The governance in Hungary is highly centralised, thus, policies (e.g., employment, education and social inclusion) are mainly designed at the national level by different ministries/secretaries of state. Often, background institutions on NUTS-3 and NUTS-4 levels belong under the governance of ministries. Local governments are responsible for the operations of kindergartners and nurseries.
It can be concluded that this group is rarely an explicit target group of policies in Hungary. As the Youth Guarantee Programme in Hungary was extended to 25-29-year-olds in 2022, a higher focus can be expected in the future. Based on the results of some impact evaluations, certain active labour market policies (such as training programmes and wage subsidies) can be effective tools for enhancing the employability of (25+) NEETs. According to experts, the equity of education and the quality of training in lower-secondary vocational schools are areas where improvement is needed. A more adequate social policy with special attention to the situation of disadvantaged youth could complement the employment policy measures in the future.
Learn more about the Hungarian policy context addressing 25+ NEETs. https://lostmillennials.eu/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/O4.4_Policy-analysis_Hungary.pdf